Jan 8, 2018
A public health system, which embodies the people-centred Juche idea, has been established in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. The system is guaranteed by the Socialist Constitution of the DPRK, the Public Health Law and other laws, and put into effect through the universal free medical and preventive care systems. The universal free medical care system, which traces its origin back to the free medical services enforced by President Kim Il Sung in the guerrilla bases and other liberated areas during the anti-Japanese revolutionary armed struggle, has been effected from January 1953 when the fierce Fatherland Liberation War against the US imperialists was at its height and developed onto a higher level with the progress of socialist construction after the war. Today in the DPRK, the state is providing free of charge all people, regardless of sex, age, occupation, residential quarters, and the quality and quantity of work performed, with all the doctor’s bills, including fees for drugs and prescription, medical examination, hospital treatment and surgical operation, medical care and its travelling expenses, medical service expenses for health checkup, health consultation and vaccination and even prosthesis. Proceeding from the intrinsic demands of the socialist medical science which takes it as its basic mission to prevent disease in advance and safeguard and promote the people’s lives and health, the state is enforcing the preventive medical care system. To this end, it is directing efforts to the prevention of diseases, hygienic and anti-epidemic work, pollution control and hygienic propaganda. The section doctor system is an advanced residential health care system which makes it possible to effect the preventive medical care system successfully. Under the system, a district is assigned to doctors on the principle of organically combining a production unit with a residential unit so as to enable them to take charge of their residents and care them regularly and take measures for scientific and prophylactic treatment. The state looks after the health of women and children, in particular, through the maternity leave and other public health policies.